What Is Diluted EPS? Definition, Formula, and Example

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As soon as the option has been exercised, shares may be purchased and sold at a determined price below or above the current market price. These are a type of security that increases the number of outstanding shares of the company if exercised. Dilutive securities are financial instruments that a company offers to investors that have the potential to be converted into regular securities which are capable increasing the number of issued shares. If investors choose to exercise the conversion option, it will lead to an increase in the number of outstanding shares within the company. Although most commonly used in reference to convertible securities whose exercise would have the effect of increasing EPS, the use of the term „antidilutive“ has become much more comprehensive.

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These line items are basic EPS, diluted EPS, weighted average shares outstanding, and diluted weighted average shares. Note the 6,000 shares is the number that the firm could repurchase after receiving $300,000 for the exercise of the options ([10,000 options x $30 exercise price] / $50 average market price). Share count would increase by 4,000 (10, ,000) because after the 6,000 shares are repurchased, there is still a 4,000 share shortfall that needs to be created. The Treasury stock method is used to calculate diluted EPS for potentially dilutive options or warrants. The options or warrants are considered dilutive if their exercise price is below the average market price of the stock for the year.

Understanding Dilution

Get instant access to lessons taught by experienced private equity pros and bulge bracket investment bankers including financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel Modeling. They might need to provide adequate compensation or incentives, and the dilution of ownership can reduce the value of equity-based compensation plans. Only publicly traded companies are required to report both EPS and diluted EPS. By the end of this year, the company should have attained the CE Mark in the EU for LungFit PH and garnered a cardiac label expansion application for this product here in the States as well. Therefore, this is a story we will circle back on once the company posts a couple quarters of sale results and its growth trajectory is easier to peg. The company also is focusing its novel nitrous oxide therapy to treat various types of solid tumors as a single agent and in combination with checkpoint inhibitors (anti-PD1 and anti-CTLA4).

Dilutive EPS indicates a worst-case scenario for earnings per share and reflects the consequence of all dilutive shares such as options, warrants, and convertible preferred shares, converted simultaneously. As you can see, there are many different types of securities that can affect the number of outstanding shares of common stock. There also several financial ratios like the dilutive earnings per share that track the effect of these securities. The primary eps is the net income divided by the number of shares outstanding at the end of a reporting period.


The stock currently trades for just over $4.50 a share and sports an approximate market capitalization of $140 million. Stock equivalents potentially dilute eps when they provide a mechanism by which net income may be distributed to shareholders in the form of dividends or share repurchases. Diluted eps takes into account all stock equivalents outstanding during a reporting period. When more than two potentially dilutive securities exist, anti-dilutive effects can be harder to detect. Improvements to living standards, increased tax revenues, and additional benefits can positively impact the community, benefiting its members in various ways. In addition, companies that issue these securities may also be more likely to engage in socially responsible activities which can further benefit communities.

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In situations where a company splits its stock, current investors receive additional shares while the price of the shares is adjusted accordingly, keeping their percentage ownership in the company static. These are contracts that give the owner the right to purchase common stock at a given price at a given time. When stock options are exercised, the options become common shares and increase the number outstanding. Dilutive securities can reduce the ownership percentage of existing shareholders. The total number of outstanding shares increases when new shares are issued through such convertible securities.

Dilutive Securities and Anti-dilutive Securities

Dilution protection refers to contractual provisions that limit or outright prevent an investor’s stake in a company from being reduced in later funding rounds. If bonds convertible to 200,000 shares can offer interest savings of $400,000, the result would be $6,600,000 / 1,600,000, or a loss of $4.13 per share. Despite this result, the anti-dilutive security should be included in the calculation of a fully diluted EPS.

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Suppose a company issues many potentially convertible securities, such as convertible bonds or stock options. In that case, it can result in an oversupply of shares in the market, which can drive down the share price. Dilution occurs when a company issues new shares that result in a decrease in existing stockholders‘ ownership percentage of that company. Stock dilution can also occur when holders https://turbo-tax.org/educational-institution/ of stock options, such as company employees, or holders of other optionable securities exercise their options. When the number of shares outstanding increases, each existing stockholder owns a smaller, or diluted, percentage of the company, making each share less valuable. Existing shareholders tend to object to dilutive securities, because these instruments can reduce the value of their stocks.

Examples of Dilutive Securities

Beyond Air still also owes $8 million due to a settlement with Circassia, which will pay in two installments in FY2024 and FY2025. The company burned through $37.9 million worth of cash in FY2023 and anticipates a cash burn rate of approximately $10 million a quarter in FY2024. Several insiders, including the company’s CEO and CFO, bought just over $900,000 worth of stock in the first quarter collectively when the shares traded north of eight bucks a share. Approximately nine percent of the outstanding float is currently held short. Suppose that the Sample Company has a $7,000,000 operating loss and 1,400,000 outstanding shares, such that there is a $5 loss per share.

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Issuing such securities might result in the dilution of current shareholders‘ holdings and a decline in their voting rights and equity value. In addition, it may indicate the existence of financial difficulties for a company which could affect its share price. When a company’s stock price increases, it may increase employee satisfaction, motivation, and the potential for additional compensation. Also, in 2020, shares of Indian telecom company Vodafone Idea dropped after it issued convertible bonds priced at a significant discount to the market price. Convertible notes offer the advantage of providing a source of capital without diluting the ownership of existing shareholders while also providing potential upside to investors if the company performs well.